A futon is a flat mattress with a fabric exterior stuffed with cotton, wool, or synthetic batting that makes up a Japanese bed. Futon is generally referring to the traditional style of Japanese bedding consisting of padded mattresses and quilts. It can be folded and stored away during the day, while allowing the room to serve for purposes other than as a bedroom. According to Japanese lore, the first futons were said to be crafted by samurai who couldn't master the art of sword play.n addition, many Japanese beat their futons regularly using a "futon tataki", a special implement, traditionally made from bamboo. A Japanese bed is not as simple as a mattress over a box spring. Rather, the following combination of elements synthesize into a pleasant, comfortable sleeping experience:
Shiki futon - available in dozens of designs, shiki futons are usually wrapped in cotton or silk covers. The point is to protect against wear & tear and block dust and allergens.
Kakebuton comforter - this stunning work of craftsmanship is filled with hand-pulled silk which makes it extremely lightweight while efficiently retaining body heat throughout the night.
Soba gara makura buckwheat hull pillows - No Japanese sleeping system would be complete without a soba gara makura -- the buckwheat hull pillow. Filled with organic buckwheat hull, this pillow provides a comfortable sleep by perfectly adjusting to the contour of your head and neck.
Tri-fold mattress pad - This is a thick foam mattress pad that is a perfect solution for adding an extra layer of comfort to the Japanese sleeping system.
Tatami mat - a platform bed to support the entire Japanese bed. Western-style futons are an alternative to a bed or other furniture, and are often sold in sets that include the mattress and frame.